Salary sacrifice - higher rate taxpayer example
These FAQs are for financial advisers only. They mustn’t be distributed to, or relied on by, customers. They are based on our understanding of legislation at the date of publication.Fri Apr 06 09:39:00 BST 2018 Back to results
The most common method of using salary sacrifice is to keep the net take home pay the same, with an increased pension contribution after sacrifice. This is the ‘KEEP NET INCOME CONSTANT’ option on Aegon’s online salary sacrifice calculator, which is held here.
Using this option, here’s how the numbers are crunched for an employee who is a higher rate taxpayer over age 25, earning £50,000 pa and paying an existing employee pension contribution of £200 per month gross (£160 per month net) into a personal pension. This example uses the following tax and NI rates for 2018/19 (this isn’t the complete set of tax and NI rates):
- income tax personal allowance = £11,850.
- basic rate tax = 20%.
- higher rate tax = 40%.
- employee NI = 12% on earnings between £8,424 and £46,350, 2% on earnings above £46,350.
- employer NI = 13.8% on earnings above £8,424.
The employee is assumed to be a rest of the UK taxpayer. Our calculator includes a question that asks if a person is a Scottish taxpayer. This is so that the correct tax rates and bands are used depending on whether an employee is a Scottish or rest of the UK taxpayer.
- income Tax: £7,400 = ((£46,350 - £11,850) x 20%) + ((£50,000 - £46,350) x 40%) - £960 (basic and higher rate tax relief on the gross employee pension contribution).
- employee NI: £4,624.12 = ((£46,350 - £8,424) x 12%) + ((£50,000 - £46,350) x 2%).
- net pay: £35,575.88 calculated as £50,000 (salary) - £7,400 (tax) - £4,624.12 (NI) - £2,400 (gross employee pension contribution).
To calculate the reduction in salary (i.e. the sacrifice amount) the annual net employee pension contribution is grossed back up to take account of basic rate tax and NI:
- £1,920/0.77333 (20% tax + 2% NI) = £2,482.76.
- assuming that all of the employer NI saving is added back in, the new employer pension contribution after sacrifice is:
- £2,482.76 x 1.138 (100% employer NI saving) = £2,825.38 pa (£235.45 pm).
- on a gross salary of £47,517.24 (£50,000 - £2,482.76).
- income tax: £7,366.90 = ((£46,350 - £11,850) x 20%) + ((47,517.24 - £46,350) x 40%).
- employee NI: £4,574.46 = ((£46,350 - £8,424) x 12%) + ((£47,517.24 - £46,350) x 2%).
- net pay: £35,575.88 calculated as £47,517.24 (salary) - £7,366.90 (tax) - £4,574.46 (NI).
- before sacrifice = £50,000 (gross salary) + £5,737.49 (employer NI which is calculated as: (£50,000 - £8,424) x 13.8%) = £55,737.49.
- after sacrifice = £47,517.24 (gross salary) + £5,394.87 (employer NI which is calculated as: (£47,517.24 - £8,424) x 13.8%) + £2,825.38 (employer pension contribution) = £55,737.49.
- ‘net take home pay’ stays the same before and after salary sacrifice (£35,575.88).
- there is an increased pension contribution (£200 pm gross employee contribution before sacrifice changes to £235.45 pm gross employer contribution after sacrifice).
- there is no extra cost to the employer or employee.
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