Claiming tax relief for workplace pensions
For employers only
In these uncertain times, your employees may appreciate some hints, tips or suggestions you can give them to help make every penny count.
One thing worth reminding them is to check they’ve claimed any extra tax relief that may be due from HMRC on any personal contributions they have made to their workplace pension.
When we refer to a workplace pension in this article, we define this as a workplace personal pension to distinguish it from an occupational or master trust scheme as these typically use a different method of providing tax relief on employee contributions.
There’s a time limit of four years to claim back extra tax relief from HMRC, so it’s something that could apply not only to contributions they’ve paid in this tax year, but also to any made in the previous four years.
As a reminder, the relief at source method is used for any personal contributions an employee makes to their workplace pension if it is a personal pension. This means that personal contributions are paid net of basic rate tax whether a person pays contributions directly to the provider, or as an employer you deduct the net contribution from an employee’s pay (after the deduction of income tax) and pass it on.
The workplace pension provider adds basic rate tax relief to the net contribution received so that the total gross amount is invested into the workplace pension. The provider will recover the basic rate tax relief from HMRC.
In simple terms, a net personal contribution of £80 would benefit from the addition of £20 tax relief, resulting in £100 being invested as a gross contribution.
Anyone paying tax at higher than basic rate (intermediate, higher and top-rate taxpayers in Scotland, plus higher and additional rate taxpayers in the rest of the UK) may be entitled to further tax relief on personal contributions made to their workplace pension. This can be done by claiming the extra tax relief due from HMRC with the amount available dependent on the total personal contributions made and a person’s total income.
Essentially, this means that a person may not be able to claim further tax relief on the full amount of the personal contributions they’ve made.
For example, an English taxpayer benefitting from the standard personal allowance who earns £60,000 in 2020/21 will pay higher rate tax on £10,000 of those earnings. If they make a £15,000 gross personal contribution they would only be entitled to higher rate tax relief on £10,000 of the contribution. This would entitle them to claim £2,000 in higher rate tax relief from HMRC.
HMRC guidance confirms how the extra tax relief can be claimed.
For claiming tax relief in England, Wales or Northern Ireland:
It’s possible to claim additional tax relief on personal contributions through a Self Assessment tax return of:
- 20% up to the amount of any income that 40% tax has been paid on.
- 25% up to the amount of any income that 45% tax has been paid on.
As an alternative for higher-rate taxpayers only, it’s also possible to call or write to HMRC to make a claim.
For claiming tax relief in Scotland:
It’s possible to claim additional tax relief on personal contributions through a Self-Assessment tax return of:
- 1% up to the amount of any income that 21% tax has been paid on.
- 21% up to the amount of any income that 41% tax has been paid on.
- 26% up to the amount of any income that 46% tax has been paid on.
Alternatively, it’s possible to call or write to HMRC if a person doesn’t normally fill in a Self Assessment tax return.
Generally, any extra tax relief due will be given in one of three ways:
- a change to a person’s tax code;
- a tax rebate, or
- a reduction in tax already due to HMRC.
Why not give your employees a helpful reminder about the benefit of claiming any extra tax relief they may be due on the pension contributions they’ve made – it could really help them.
This information is based on our understanding of current taxation law and HMRC practice, which may change. The value of any tax relief will depend on individual circumstances.